精品推荐“中华铜币”

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塞北的察哈尔原是蒙古族的一部,清末在察哈尔部聚集地建立了张垣特区,民国2年(1913年)改为察哈尔特别区,首长称为都统。北伐成功后,民国17年建省。新中国建立后,1952年废省,辖地划归给内蒙古、山西、河北与北京。 民国12年(1923年)夏,察哈尔都统张锡元拟在桥东区工业路中段东侧,建立张家口口北造币厂开制铜圆,购买日本东亚兴业株式会社设备,该设备原由新筹建的山东造币厂所采购,后来山东建厂作罢,将滞留在青岛的机件转卖到口北厂。同年11月,该厂委托币制局训令天津造币厂设计颁发当十、当二十祖模,并称将来铜币将以行销口北地区与内、外蒙古为大宗,拟请祖模加刻蒙汉文“中华铜币”四字,以期推销无阻。此外,并附上铜币模式图给天津厂参考。 由于当时北方各省已习用双铜圆(二十文),如生产十文则获利不佳,且民众也不乐于接受。故口北厂在民国十三年(1924年)以制造“中华铜币”双枚(双铜圆)为主,币面上缘有蒙文“中华铜币”,适合在内、外蒙古地区使用。至于“中华铜币”十文仅发现几枚精美的样币与少量的流通币。由于中华铜币模具由天津造币厂的技师所设计,所以风格与天津造币厂的共和纪念币颇为相似,枚民国十三年造的中华铜币,正面中心为中华铜币大字楷书,上满文,下英文THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA”背面大珠圈背中心书写十文,上有楷书体民国十三年造,两旁是两株嘉禾以彩带束缚,极似民国初期袁大头银币图案。古称生长奇异的禾,古人以之为吉祥的征兆。亦泛指生长茁壮的禾稻。此藏品包浆自然圆润,品相完好,工艺精美,符合当时工艺特征,具有极高的收藏投资价值和观赏价值。

Chahar in Saibei was originally a Mongolian tribe. In the late Qing Dynasty, Zhangyuan Special Zone was established in the gathering place of Chahar Ministry. In 1913, Chahar Special Zone was changed into Chahar Special Zone in the two years of the Republic of China. The head of Chahar Special Zone was called Dutong. After the success of the Northern Expedition, the Republic of China established a province in 17 years. After the founding of New China, the province was abandoned in 1952 and its jurisdiction was assigned to Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Hebei and Beijing. In the summer of 1923, Chahar Dutong Zhang Xiyuan planned to set up Zhangjiakou North Mint to produce copper coins on the east side of the middle section of the Industrial Road in Qiaodong District. He purchased the equipment of Japan East Asia Xingye Co., Ltd. which was originally purchased by the newly-built Shandong Mint. Later, the Shandong Mint built factory stopped and resold the machinery staying in Qingdao. To Koubei Factory. In November of the same year, the factory entrusted the Bureau of Monetary System to instruct the Tianjin Mint to design and issue ten and twenty ancestral models. It also said that in the future, copper coins would be sold in the north of the export area and in Inner and Outer Mongolia. It was proposed that ancestral models should be engraved with the four words "Chinese copper coins" in Mongolian and Chinese in order to promote the sale without hindrance. In addition, a copper coin model map is attached for reference by Tianjin Factory. At that time, the northern provinces had already used the double copper round (20 words), but if ten words were produced, the profits would be poor, and the people would not like to accept them. Therefore, in the thirteenth year of the Republic of China (1924), Koubei Factory mainly manufactured "Chinese Copper coin" two pieces (double copper coins), with Mongolian "Chinese Copper coin" on the top of the coin, which is suitable for use in Inner Mongolia and Outer Mongolia. As for the ten articles of "Chinese Copper coin", only a few exquisite sample coins and a small amount of currency were found. Because the mould of Chinese copper coin was designed by technicians of Tianjin Mint, its style is quite similar to the commemorative coin of the Republic of Tianjin Mint. This "Chinese copper coin" was made in the thirteenth year of the Republic of China. Its front center is a large-character regular script of "Chinese copper coin". It is surrounded by Manchu on the top and English "The REPUBLIC OF CHINA" on the back. The heart writes "Ten Essays" with regular script "Made in the Thirteenth Year of the Republic of China". On both sides are two Jiahe trees bound by ribbons, very similar to the pattern of "Yuan Datou" silver coin in the early period of the Republic of China. In ancient times, it was called the growth of strange grass, which was regarded as a sign of auspiciousness by the ancients. It also refers to the growing and thriving rice. The pulp in this collection is natural and mellow, with perfect appearance and exquisite craftsmanship, which accords with the characteristics of the craftsmanship at that time, and has very high collection investment value and ornamental value.

 

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