中华即拍:清亁隆粉彩人物故事纹壶

中华即拍:清亁隆粉彩人物故事纹壶

清朝时期陶瓷文化,汉族劳动人民瓷器烧造水平可谓登峰造极。数千年的经验,加上景德镇的天然原料,督陶官的管理,清朝初年的康熙、雍正、乾隆三代,因政治安定,经济繁荣,皇帝重视,瓷器的成就也非常卓越,皇帝的爱好与提倡,使得清初的瓷器制作技术高超,装饰精细华美,成就不凡,充分体现了古代汉族劳动人民的卓越才能和和艺术创造力。是悠久的中国陶瓷史上最光耀灿烂的一页。

In the Qing Dynasty, the level of porcelain making of the Han working people was the highest. Thousands of years of experience, together with Jingdezhen's natural raw materials, the management of the supervisor of pottery officials, Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong three generations in the early Qing Dynasty, due to political stability and economic prosperity, the emperor attached great importance to porcelain achievements, and the emperor's love and advocacy, made the porcelain production in the early Qing Dynasty superb technology, fine decoration, gorgeous, and extraordinary achievements, fully reflecting the ancient Han working people And artistic creativity. It is the most glorious page in the long history of Chinese ceramics.

 

【藏品名称】:清亁隆粉彩人物故事纹壶

[collection name]: Qinglong powder colored character story print pot

【类别】:瓷器

[category]: porcelain

清代陶瓷生产,除以景德镇的官窑为中心外,各地民窑都极为昌盛兴隆,并得到很大的成就,尤其西风渐进,陶瓷外销,西洋原料及技术的传入,受到外来影响,使陶瓷业更为丰富而多采多姿,也由於量产及仿制成风,画院追求工细纤巧,虽有惊人之作,但少创意而流於匠气。福建省德化白瓷,莹白而带透明感,生产佛像相当有名。清朝前期,景德镇瓷器代表了国内乃至世界制瓷的最高水平。随着国内外及宫廷对景德镇瓷器的需求量的激增,使康、雍、乾三代的景德镇瓷业进入了制瓷历史高峰。康熙的青花、五彩、三彩、郎窑红、豇豆红、珐琅彩等装饰品种,风格别开生面;雍正的粉彩、斗彩、青花和高低温颜色釉等,粉润柔和,朴素清逸。乾隆的制瓷工艺,精妙绝伦、鬼斧匠工,前无古人。青花玲珑瓷、象生瓷雕、仿古铜、竹木、漆器等特种工艺瓷,惟妙惟肖,巧夺天工。瓷业兴、百业兴,乾隆时督陶官唐英《陶冶图说》:“景德镇袤延仅十余里,山环水绕,僻处一隅,以陶来四方商贩,民窑二、三百区,工匠人夫不下数十万,籍此食者甚众。” 清代中期,外销陶瓷发展出来的广彩,艳丽照人。

In the Qing Dynasty, apart from Jingdezhen's official kilns as the center, the local folk kilns were very prosperous and prosperous, and made great achievements, especially the gradual development of the western style, the export of ceramics, the introduction of Western raw materials and technologies, which made the ceramic industry more abundant and colorful. Also, due to the mass production and imitation, the painting academy pursued fine workmanship, although it had amazing works, but it was less creative And it's all about craftsmanship. Dehua white porcelain in Fujian Province is crystal white and transparent. It is famous for producing Buddha statues. In the early Qing Dynasty, Jingdezhen porcelain represented the highest level of porcelain making in China and even in the world. With the increasing demand of Jingdezhen porcelain at home and abroad, Jingdezhen porcelain industry of Kang, Yong and Qian dynasties has entered the peak of porcelain making history. Kangxi's blue and white, multicolor, tricolor, langyaohong, cowpea red, enamel and other decorative varieties have a unique style; Yongzheng's pastels, fighting colors, blue and white, and high and low temperature color glazes are soft, simple and elegant. Qianlong's porcelain making process is unparalleled in its sophistication and craftsmanship. Blue and white exquisite porcelain, Xiangsheng porcelain carving, antique copper, bamboo, lacquerware and other special craft porcelain are lifelike and ingenious. Porcelain industry flourished and all kinds of industries flourished. Tang Ying, the pottery official in Qianlong's reign, said in the painting of Cultivation: "Jingdezhen is only ten miles long, surrounded by mountains and rivers, and in a corner of the secluded area, there are four merchants of pottery. There are two or three hundred districts of folk kilns, and there are not less than hundreds of thousands of craftsmen and men. There are many cannibals here." In the middle of the Qing Dynasty, ceramics for export developed in a wide range of colors.

乾隆时期是清代社会发展的顶峰时期。御窑厂内聚集了大量管理人材和能工巧匠,使乾隆朝的烧瓷水平又有所进步。这一时期的产品从技术上讲虽精工细作,不惜工本,但从艺术格调上讲却显繁琐华缛,堆砌罗列,较前朝有衰退之迹象,成为清季制瓷业的一个转折点。乾隆瓷器一面保留古代的精华,一面吸收西方艺术。外观造型大部分比较规整,除常见器型外,出现了一些奇巧怪诞的物件,主要用于赏玩,被称作“浑厚不及康熙、秀美不如雍正”。此时盛行在琢器上使用转心、转颈等技艺手段,制作工艺极其精致。象生瓷技术高超,仿木纹、仿竹器、仿漆器、仿金属器等等,几可乱真。这与当时制瓷艺人的高超技术密不可分,他们高度准确地掌握了釉料的配制和火候的控制,以至惟妙惟肖地模仿别的物质效果。乾隆时期,粉彩完代取代了五彩,但产品质量不如前代。在粉彩器皿上讲究用镂空、堆塑的装饰手段,辅以“轧道工艺”和开光、剔刻等等。有署“古月轩”的珍贵瓷器,是以乾隆宫中古月轩命名的,从景德镇挑选制造精良的素胎进京,命内庭供奉绘画高手绘画,于京城设炉烘烤而成。

Qianlong period was the peak period of social development in Qing Dynasty. A large number of management personnel and skilled craftsmen gathered in the imperial kiln, which improved the level of porcelain firing in Qianlong Dynasty. Although the products of this period were technically elaborate and cost-effective, they were complicated and complicated in terms of artistic style. Compared with the previous dynasties, the products of this period showed signs of decline and became a turning point in the porcelain industry of the Qing Dynasty. Qianlong porcelain kept its ancient essence while absorbing western art. The appearance and shape are mostly regular. In addition to the common utensils, there are some strange and strange objects, which are mainly used for enjoying. They are called "less thick than Kangxi, less beautiful than Yongzheng". At this time, it is popular to use such skills as turning the center, turning the neck, etc. on the carving tools, and the manufacturing process is extremely exquisite. Like raw porcelain technology, imitation of wood grain, imitation of bamboo, imitation of lacquer, imitation of metal, and so on, can be confused. This is closely related to the superb skills of the porcelain makers at that time. They have mastered the preparation of glaze and the control of fire with high accuracy, so as to imitate other material effects vividly. In Qianlong period, the finished generation of pastels replaced the five colors, but the quality of products was not as good as that of the previous generation. The decoration means of hollowing and stacking are emphasized on the pastel vessels, supplemented by the "rolling process" and the opening, carving and so on. The precious porcelains of the ancient moon pavilion are named after the ancient moon Pavilion in the Qianlong palace. They are selected from Jingdezhen and made into the capital. They order the inner court to worship the painting masters and bake them in the oven in the capital.

 

此件清亁隆粉彩人物故事纹壶,直口,鼓腹。外表通体施满白釉,绘有人物图,构图精美,风格挺秀,整幅画面寂静,一片空名澄静,充满着一股清爽的气息。底部落有“乾隆年制”款识。整体绘画线条流畅,刻画细腻,栩栩如生。整器形制规整,胎釉细致缜密,工艺精湛,色调柔和,为粉彩瓷精品。

This is a straight mouthed, bulging pot of Qinglong's Pink character story. The whole appearance is covered with white glaze, with figures painted. The composition is exquisite, the style is elegant, the whole picture is quiet, a blank name is clear and quiet, full of a fresh atmosphere. The bottom tribe had a "Qianlong year system" reception. The overall painting lines are smooth, the depiction is delicate and lifelike. The overall shape and system are regular, the tire glaze is meticulous and meticulous, the craft is exquisite, and the color is soft, which is a fine product of pastel porcelain.

 

 

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