[collection name]: silver coins of Xuantong in the Qing Dynasty
[collection type]: Coins
[introduction to the collection]: since the early Qing Dynasty, Chinese silver has mainly flowed into China in the form of silver, the most representative of which are Spain's native ocean, Mexico's eagle ocean, British territory's silver dollar, Japan's Longyang, etc. Foreign silver coins are very popular in the circulation market because of their excellent production, standard weight, easy calculation and convenient use. The use of a large number of foreign silver dollars made "those in power begin to steal their worries", and proposed "self casting silver dollars (silver coins) to resist the import of foreign silver".
During the Guangxu period of the Qing Dynasty, the Qing government began to sort out and transform the currency in order to deal with the currency chaos caused by the scattered coinage. In addition to making it clear that the coinage right is unified into the central government, the style, unit, weight and color of coinage are also specifically formulated. The silver coin of the third year of Xuantong in the Qing Dynasty is the product of the monetary system reform in the late Qing Dynasty. It has many editions, novel design and excellent production. It is often seen in coin lovers. In the third year of Xuantong, the layout of silver coins in the Qing Dynasty was different, including long beard dragon, short beard dragon and big tail dragon. However, Wuchang Uprising happened before it was issued. Only quxulong was issued, and most of the rest were sample coins.
This kind of silver coin in the third year of Xuantong of the Qing Dynasty was cast by the Tianjin Mint established in the Qing Dynasty and was cast in the third year of Xuantong (1911). The center of the front of the silver coin is engraved with "Daqing silver coin", the upper end of the bead circle is engraved with "Daqing silver coin", the lower end is engraved with "Daqing silver coin", and the lower end is engraved with "Daqing silver coin". On the back of this silver coin, there is a circle of quxulong and a large cloud, with "one yuan" on the top and the English "one" with the value of "one yuan" on the bottom. This coin has a beautiful shape, magnificent momentum, natural pulp wrapping, excellent casting, deep mold, sharp internal teeth, deep dragon pattern on the back, deep decoration, colorful front and exquisite decoration. In ancient Chinese legends, the dragon is a divine animal with scales and claws and good weather. For thousands of years, as a symbol of the Chinese nation, the dragon has been worshipped by hundreds of millions of descendants of the dragon. Looking for the trace of the dragon on the coins is one of the reasons why collectors love the silver coins of the Qing Dynasty.